Typhoid Fever – Causes Symptoms & Treatment

Basically, Typhoid fever is a life threating bacterial infection. This kind of infection caused by Salmonella typhi. It’s also called enteric fever. Salmonella typhi can affect many organs because it can spread easily throughout the body by defiled or contaminated food or water. The temperature of typhoid fever gradually increases, temperature may 104.9 °F (40.5 °C). Salmonella typhi identified by high fever, weakness, Headache, muscle twinge, sweating, dry cough, loss of relish or appetite, stomach pain, diarrhea or constipation, rash, weight loss, bloated stomach. It’s a contagious disease. Precaution should be followed to prevent the spread of life ruining infectious disease.

Typhoid’s Causes and Transmission:

Typhoid's Causes and Transmission
Typhoid’s Causes and Transmission

If Salmonella typhi contaminated food or water people take then contagious bacterial typhoid fever happens. Infected patient’s stool and urine are the carrier of the bacteria. Microorganisms can’t be seen with the open eyes so, making it difficult to identify if food or surface are contaminated, that’s why people can get affected easily. Less hygiene & sanitation are Perilous.

The way of Typhoid Fever prevention:

Typhoid Causes

Vaccination is the first best way to prevent typhoid fever. Everyone should be vaccinated. secondly take fresh food and healthy food, drink clean water and never forget to wash hands cleanly. Personal hygein prevent a person from various microorganisms attack. From the source of WHO ( world health organization),two types of vaccines are work against typhoid fever. These are-

  • Ty21a – Its a 4 doses course. Until four doses have been completed one capsule must be taken orally every alternative day. Children who are at least 6 years old can receive this vaccine. Finally booster doses should be give in every five years.
  • ViCPS –This dose is for children. This is administered as a single injection. It is given to children who are at least 2 years. Finally require a booster dose every two year.

Preventing infecting yourself:

  • Alcohol-based sanitizer, boiled water, soay water should be used befor eating, making food and after using washroom.
  • Ensure to drinking purified water.
  • Food without boiled water should be avoided. properly cooked and hot food, food stored at room tempareture iothers
  • Avoid street food as it difficult to maintain hygiene

Preventing infecting others

Infected patiens should take some measures to prevent infecting other and to stop spread of bacterial infection. such as-

  • Must Follow the doctor’s advice. Take medicine such as antibiotics and make sure to complete the whole course.
  • Untill fully recover avoid making food due to contiguous infection.
  • Always keep hand clean

Safe Food and Water Practices


People should develop the habit of consuming safe water and food to significantly reduce the risk of typhoid infection. such as-

  • Washing fruits and vegetables: Ensure to eliminate any microorganisms contamination thoroughly wash fruits and vegetables with purified or boiled water before taking them.
  • Avoiding untreated or tap water: practicing the habit of using purified water or boiled water, avoid untreated water.
  • Eating hot food: Eating fresh well cooked food, avoid to take cool food.
  • Stirring raw food safely: Wash hands thoroughly before and after handling raw food.

personal hygiene and Sanitation

People will be healthy if they are clean. Personal hygiene plays a emergent role in preventing typhoid infection. Here are some practices to maintain personal hygiene:

  • Frequent hand washing: Wash hands frequently using soap and water or sanitizer.
  • Shower after exposure to unsanitary areas: Take a shower and rinse well after returning home from work or in areas with poor sanitation.
  • Brushing teeth with treated water: Use treated or bottled water for brushing teeth, especially when traveling to areas with a high incidence of typhoid.
  • Clean surfaces regularly: Clean the surfaces of handheld devices like phones and tablets regularly to reduce bacterial contamination.

Proper disposal and sewage management

Proper waste disposal and sewage management are essential to prevent the spread of typhoid. Follow these exercises:

  • Regular garbage removal: Dispose of waste and garbage regularly to maintain the cleanliness of your surroundings.
  • Covering drains: Ensure that drains in and around your home are covered to prevent the entry of insects and rodents that can contribute to the spread of typhoid.
  • Municipal waste management: Municipalities should take steps to ensure proper collection and disposal of waste from all areas Implementing effective sewage systems is also crucial to avoid contamination of food and water sources.

 Health Education and Awareness

Health education and awareness are needed to prevent the spread of the bacteria Salmonella Typhi. If people are health educated then they will be aware of preventive measures. Some ways to spread health education:

  • Organizing campaigns: Organize campaigns to educate peoples about the harmful effects and preventive measures of Awareness
  • Distributing leaflets: Distribute educational leaflets that providing information on typhoid prevention and control. These leaflets can be distributed in healthcare facilities, schools, and other public places.

Travel Precautions: Staying Safe during Trips

People should aware and take Superfluous precautions when they are planning to travel to areas with high prevalence of typhoid. Consider the following:

  • Avoid touching the mouth: Avoid touching the face, mouth and eyes without washing hands to prevent infection.
  • Consume hot food and bottled water: To minimize the risk of typhoid infection must be taken freshly cooked food and drink purified or bottled water.
  • Contact information for local healthcare providers: Contact with the nearest local health specialist for emergency treatment in case of any doubts arise.
  • Maintain hand hygiene: After touching anything wash the hand repeatedly with soap and hand sanitizer to prevent infection.

Creating a Health-Conscious Environment:

We have to play a responsible role to create a safe and sanitary ambience or environment. Health education should increase via health seminar or campaign.

As responsible resident individually we should be educated and encouraged to others. Here are some ways to ensure healthy ambience:

  • Follow personal hygiene practices: Personal hygiene practices must be developed. Individually maintain personal hygiene and motivate to others.
  • Keep surroundings clean: cleanliness keep always healthy. Both inside and outside of the home must be clean. Ensure to regularly clean and disinfect contaminated surfaces to minimize the risk of bacterial contamination.
  • Safe waste disposal: Wastage product must be disposed to keep safe and Impel to others. Flourish strict waste management and coduct sewage without deprave the environment.


Since salmonella typhi carry the bacteria in their bloodstream and intestinal tract thats, it need to diagnosis in initial stage and treatment should start as soon as possible. Its a life risk disease. people can die if not treated on time. Typhoid prevention and control will be possible if people maintain every preducation, such as take safe food, hot water, vaccination, maintain all kind of hygiene, health education. Proper education may save lot of lives! “Be educated, be aware & always be safe”


My name is Selina, a medical specialist blogger helping people access treatment for 5+ years. Although blogging awhile, only recently deeply engaged. This past year my most productive, providing hospital reviews and info on symptoms, diagnoses and diseases. Also offer guidelines to help readers navigate healthcare. Goal to continue increased content pace to assist many. Aim to facilitate treatment and empower advocacy through writing.

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