Is Varicose Vein Treatment Covered By Insurance

Getting To The Bottom Of Varicose Vein Treatment Coverage

If those ropy varicose veins on your legs have you feeling distressed and self-conscious, you’re not alone. Varicose veins affect over 30 million adults in the U.S. alone. And if you’re wondering “Is varicose vein treatment covered by insurance?” you’ve come to the right place. This article will walk you through the typical costs, what insurance does (and doesn’t) cover, and tips for getting treatment approved.

Varicose veins aren’t just a cosmetic nuisance. Over time, they can cause symptoms like leg heaviness, pain, swelling, restlessness, and even ulcer development. And without treatment, varicose veins usually keep getting worse. The good news? Today’s minimally invasive treatments can eliminate varicose veins definitively and have you feeling better fast. Procedures like endovenous ablation, sclerotherapy, and micro phlebectomy boast excellent success rates above 90% for improving both symptoms and appearance. The downside? Varicose vein procedures are often deemed “cosmetic” and not covered by insurance. So having a game plan for getting the maximum coverage possible is crucial.

Why Is Varicose Vein Treatment Required?

Varicose veins are enlarged, twisted veins that often appear swollen and raised above the surface of the skin, usually on the legs. Varicose vein treatment is often required for the following reasons:

  • Symptom relief – Varicose veins can cause symptoms like aching, throbbing, muscle cramping, and heaviness in the legs. Treatment provides relief from these uncomfortable symptoms.
  • Improve appearance – Many people seek treatment for cosmetic reasons to reduce the bulging, rope-like appearance of varicose veins.
  • Prevent complications – Untreated varicose veins can lead to more serious problems like skin ulcerations, bleeding, phlebitis, and chronic venous insufficiency. Treating them prevents the progression of complications.
  • Improve blood flow – Varicose veins indicate underlying venous insufficiency and faulty valves in leg veins. Treatment helps improve overall blood circulation in the legs.
  • Reduce the risk of blood clots – Varicose veins increase the risk of developing dangerous blood clots in the legs. Treatment lowers this risk.
  • Allow healing – Treatment is often needed to allow healing of existing skin damage or ulcers around varicose veins.

The main treatment options include sclerotherapy, endovenous ablation, vein stripping, and ligation. Treatment provides both medical benefits and an improved appearance for the legs.

Types Of Varicose Vein Treatment?

Here are the main types of varicose vein treatments

  • Sclerotherapy – A liquid chemical (sclerosant) is injected into the varicose veins to damage and scar the vein walls, causing them to collapse and be reabsorbed by the body. This is often used for smaller varicose veins.
  • Endovenous Ablation – Heat energy is used to seal off the main faulty vein from the inside. This involves either laser ablation, radiofrequency ablation, or steam ablation using hot water vapor.
  • Vein Stripping – The problematic surface veins are surgically removed by tying them off and pulling them out through small incisions. This is done under general anesthesia.
  • Ambulatory Phlebectomy – Tiny micro-incisions are made along the vein path to remove the veins in segments through the incisions using surgical hooks. Done under local anesthesia.
  • Endoscopic Vein Surgery – Small video cameras and instruments are inserted through tiny incisions to visualize and close off the main defective vein. This is done under general anesthesia.
  • Surgical Ligation – The surface veins are tied off surgically to close them off. Often combined with vein stripping. Local or general anesthesia is used.

The best treatment depends on the size, location, and extent of the varicose veins. Doctors choose the most suitable option or combination of procedures for each patient.

Is Varicose Vein Treatment Covered By Insurance?

Varicose vein treatment is often covered by insurance, but the extent of coverage can vary. Here is a brief overview:

Most insurance plans cover varicose vein treatment to some degree when it is deemed medically necessary. This means when the varicose veins are causing symptoms like leg pain, aching, swelling, ulcers, or other vascular complications. In these cases, insurance will typically cover a significant part of the treatment costs. The patient may still be responsible for co-insurance costs, deductibles, and co-payments, depending on their specific insurance plan.

For varicose veins that are purely cosmetic without any associated medical symptoms, insurance coverage is less common. Some plans provide limited benefits for cosmetic vein treatment, but the patient usually must bear the bulk of these costs out-of-pocket. Many insurance companies view treatment solely for unsightly veins as an elective cosmetic procedure.

Those with varicose veins should check with their insurance provider to understand their covered services, and associated costs, and get a prior authorization for recommended vein treatments. Finding an in-network provider can also help minimize out-of-pocket expenses for medically necessary varicose vein procedures. With the right insurance coverage, most patients can get varicose vein treatments with relatively low personal costs.

5 Tips for Getting Varicose Vein Treatment Covered

  1. Document pain, swelling, and cramps that impact daily living: Tracking symptoms in a pain journal or leg health log can validate real lifestyle impairment critical for coverage.
  2. Take photos over time showing vein enlargement: Sequential visual evidence of worsening bulging veins helps prove the case this is a functionally progressive disease rather than just a cosmetic nuisance.
  3. Get a formal duplex ultrasound test: The detailed clinical data of reflux and vein dysfunction boosts the credibility of the medical need for correction.
  4. Try conservative therapies first without improvement:  Methods like prescription compression stockings and leg elevation need to fail before treatment approval.
  5. Obtain a letter of medical necessity from your doctor: A detailed, compelling letter from your vascular specialist explaining why interventions are the best solution gives insurers the thorough clinical documentation needed to demonstrate approval criteria are fully met.

Following these five tips religiously gives you the best shot at overcoming the “cosmetic” clauses in medical policies that often block varicose vein coverage.

What Symptoms Are Required For Insurance Coverage?

For varicose vein treatments to be covered by insurance, there are typically certain symptoms required as proof of medical necessity. Some of the common symptoms insurers look for include:

  • Leg pain – Aching, throbbing, cramping, or fatigue in the legs caused by the varicose veins. This is often worse after prolonged standing or activity.
  • Swelling – Abnormal swelling of the ankles or lower legs related to the underlying venous insufficiency.
  • Venous stasis ulcers – Open sores or skin ulcers that develop around the ankle region due to poor circulation.
  • Bleeding – Episodes of bleeding or hemorrhage from ruptured varicose veins.
  • Phlebitis – Inflammation of the veins. This can cause hardness, tenderness, and reddening of the skin over the veins.
  • Venous eczema – Patchy, itchy skin inflammation caused by fluid buildup from faulty veins.
  • Night cramps – Painful muscle cramping at night that is associated with the varicose veins and improved by elevation.
  • Venous thrombosis – Blood clot formation within the varicose veins, which is a serious risk.
  • Vascular complications – Skin discoloration, cellulitis, thrombophlebitis, or other complications indicative of advanced venous disease.

The more of these types of documented symptoms, the stronger the case for proving medical necessity to insurance providers. Photos, ultrasounds, and the doctor’s clinical notes are also used to get treatment approved.

Varicose Vein Treatment Costs

Varicose vein treatments range widely in price. The Angiologist, a top varicose vein resource, reports average costs of:

  • Sclerotherapy: $500 to $1,500 per session
  • Endovenous laser ablation: $2,500 to $4,000
  • Microphlebectomy: $700 to $1,000 per session

So for a combination of sclerotherapy, ablation, and micro phlebectomy over multiple sessions, total costs often reach $5,000 to $10,000. And sadly, a fair chunk of this comes straight out-of-pocket.

What Varicose Vein Procedures Do Health Insurance Plans Cover?

The million-dollar question: will insurance pay for any part of varicose vein treatment?

The answer: sometimes. But often only partially.

Without symptoms causing functional impairment or skin damage, most insurers still view varicose vein procedures as elective “cosmetic” surgery. However many plans provide exceptions if certain clinical criteria are met.

Some key points on varicose veins and insurance coverage:

  • Government plans like Medicare and Medicaid sometimes cover varicose vein treatment if you meet proven medical necessity. More on that shortly!
  • Private insurers like Blue Cross Blue Shield take a similar medically necessary approach.
  • Self-funded employer health plans have the most flexibility to potentially deem procedures medically necessary if symptoms impair function and quality of life.
  • Few insurance policies cover treatment solely for unsightly appearance – meeting medical necessity is key.

So while complete coverage for varicose vein treatment remains rare, partial coverage is possible in many cases. Let’s look at 5 tips for demonstrating medical necessity to convince both public and private insurers to contribute.

Requirement Of Varicose Vein Treatment Covered By Insurance?

For varicose vein treatment to be covered by insurance, there are typically some requirements that must be met:

  • Medical necessity – There must be proof that the varicose veins are causing symptoms and medical issues for the patient beyond just appearance. Symptoms like aching, pain, swelling, heaviness, cramps, itching, ulcers, bleeding, and swelling indicate medical necessity.
  • Diagnostic tests – Documentation with duplex ultrasound, venous reflux studies, or other tests that confirm the underlying venous insufficiency and valve problems that cause the varicose veins.
  • Conservative treatments tried – Compression stockings, elevation, exercise, and weight loss are usually required first-line treatments before insurance will cover more interventional procedures.
  • Severity thresholds – Many insurers require the varicose veins to meet a certain size threshold (e.g. >3mm diameter) and cover a certain surface area (e.g. >100 cm2) before they are considered severe enough for coverage.
  • Type of procedure – Insurance is more likely to cover minimally invasive procedures like endovenous ablation than extensive vein stripping surgery.
  • Provider network – Using an in-network provider is key for the highest coverage and lowest out-of-pocket costs for the patient.
  • Prior authorization – Getting approval from the insurance company before treatment is mandatory in most cases to ensure maximum coverage.

Meeting these requirements provides the best chance for one’s varicose vein treatments to be covered by medical insurance, apart from any copays or coinsurance.


Does Medicare cover varicose vein treatment?

Medicare Parts A and B do NOT cover varicose vein treatment for purely cosmetic reasons. However, procedures may be approved if medical necessity is proven and conservative approaches have failed.

Does Medicaid cover varicose vein surgery?

Like Medicare, Medicaid requires extensive clinical documentation of functional impairment and failed conservative treatments to establish medical necessity. Photos, ultrasounds, and a detailed physician letter can help demonstrate approval criteria are fully met.

Do PPO insurance plans cover varicose vein treatments?

Preferred provider organization (PPO) plans have the flexibility to potentially approve procedures as medically necessary if symptoms significantly reduce quality of life. But meeting their documentation requirements is key.

Do insurance plans cover any varicose vein treatments?

Most insurance plans cover some varicose vein treatments, but the extent depends on the specific plan, symptoms, and procedures.

What symptoms are required for insurance coverage?

Coverage requires proving medical necessity, not just cosmetic issues. Symptoms like pain, aching, swelling, bleeding, ulcers, phlebitis, or vascular complications enable coverage.

Does insurance cover treatment for spider veins too?

Spider veins are smaller, milder veins, and insurance usually doesn’t cover treatments done solely for cosmetic reasons.

What procedures have the best coverage?

Minimally invasive treatments like endovenous ablation have higher coverage than vein stripping surgery which may be viewed as elective by some insurers.

Does insurance require I try compression stockings first?

Usually yes, compression stockings for some time provide a conservative treatment baseline before invasive treatments.

How can I get the most coverage for my varicose vein treatment?

Getting proper diagnoses, testing to prove medical necessity, using in-network providers, getting prior authorization, and following insurance guidelines give the best coverage.

Will insurance make me pay anything out-of-pocket?

Most plans require co-pays, deductibles, or coinsurance. But following insurance rules keeps your personal costs as low as possible.

Last Words

While challenging, obtaining insurance coverage for varicose vein procedures IS possible in many cases. But it requires diligently making your “medical necessity” case with ample documentation. Photos showing vein progression, conservative treatment failures, ultrasound results, and a strong letter of necessity from your doctor covering all approval criteria combine to make a compelling case for coverage. Stay the course and keep all records so you have the best chance of overcoming initial denials. With persistence and the right evidence, many find insurers eventually reverse course and contribute substantially to costs. Don’t let varicose veins continue plaguing your health and self-confidence. Take control by understanding coverage criteria in detail and take action to make sure you meet them!


My name is Selina, a medical specialist blogger helping people access treatment for 5+ years. Although blogging awhile, only recently deeply engaged. This past year my most productive, providing hospital reviews and info on symptoms, diagnoses and diseases. Also offer guidelines to help readers navigate healthcare. Goal to continue increased content pace to assist many. Aim to facilitate treatment and empower advocacy through writing.

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